- B.Sc. / B.Sc. (Hons) in Chemistry
- B.Sc. / B.Sc. (Hons) in Biochemistry
- M.Sc. and M.Res. in Chemistry
B.Sc. in Chemistry
B.Sc. (Honours) in Chemistry
Students who passed second year with GPA ≥ 4 are eligible to attend B.Sc. (Honours) classes for three more years. After finished successfully, they earn B.Sc. (Hons) degree majoring in Chemistry.
M.Sc. in Chemistry
Students who passed B.Sc. (Honours) with GPA greater than 4 are eligible to attend M.Sc. classes for two more years. After finished successfully, they are earned M.Sc. degree majoring in Chemistry.
In second semester, students will learn chemical bonds, metals and metalloids, general properties of aqueous solutions and chemistry of some aliphatic compounds such as ethers, aldehydes and ketones.
In second semester, students will learn the properties of gases, the properties of solutions and the chemistry of aliphatic carboxylic acids (monocarboxylic acids) and functional derivatives of carboxylic acids (esters & amides) and amines (monoamines).
In first semester, students will learn three main parts. The first part deals with transition metals that include members and configurations, characteristic properties, oxidation states and compound formation, 3d-, 4d- and 5d-transition series elements, complex ion formation, chromium, manganese, iron, cobalt and nickel. Second part is concerned with basic concepts of thermodynamics that encompass terms and basic concepts, types of systems, intensive and extensive properties, state of system, thermodynamic processes, nature of heat and work, isothermal reversible and irreversible expansion works of an ideal gas, maximum work done in reversible expansion, internal energy, first law of thermodynamics, enthalpy of a system, molar heat capacities, Joule-Thomson Effect, adiabatic expansion of an ideal gas, spontaneous process, the Carnot cycle, derivation of entropy from Carnot cycle, entropy change in an irreversible process, entropy change for an ideal gas, Zeroth law of thermodynamics. The final part is concerned with nature of aromatic compounds, and benzene and its homologues.
In second semester, students will learn Structures of Ionic Compounds: close packing of spheres, interstitial sites, crystals, binary and ternary compounds; Basic Concepts of Chemical Kinetics: rate or velocity of a reaction, collision theory of reaction rate, factors affecting the reaction rate, rate law and rate constant, ionic and molecular reactions, molecularity of a reaction, order of a reaction, reaction of the first order, second order and third order, reversible or opposing reactions, reaction of higher order-explanation of their rarity on the bases of reaction mechanism, zero order reactions, determination of the order of a reaction, disturbing factors in the determination of order; and Chemical Equilibrium: reversible process, thermodynamic derivation of the equilibrium constant, the Le-Chatelier-Braun Principle, types of chemical equilibria, variation of equilibrium constant with temperature and pressure.
In first semester, student able to familiarize with 1) Aromatic Compounds: nature and structure, aromaticity and Hückel rule, and benzene and its homologues; 2) Natural Products and Heterocyclic Compounds: natural products and commercial medicines, phytochemicals of medicinal value in plants, heterocyclic compounds and alkaloids; and 3) Polyfunctional Compounds: polyhydric alcohols, dicarboxylic acids, hydroxy acids, keto acids, keto esters and diesters.
In second semester student will learn three main parts. The first parts deals with isomerism of organic compounds that includes classification of isomerism, constitutional structural isomerism, and conformational isomerism. Second part concerns with carbohydrates that includes nomenclature, monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides, formation of esters and ethers, formation of glycosides. The final part reveals natural and synthetic polymers and in this session students will get knowledge on general principle of polymer formation, polymerization, vinyl polymers, structure and stereochemistry of polymers.
Organometallic Chemistry: classification, bonding and synthetic methods, thermodynamic and kinetic stabilities, properties and reactions, catalytic reactions, stoichiometric reactions (insertion, oxidative-addition).
Complexes of Acceptor π Ligands: noble gas formulation, carbon monoxide complexes, nitric oxide complexes, donor complexes of group VB and group VIB ligands, cyanide complexes, and ligands having extended π systems.
Aim of the first part is to provide knowledge on theoretical concepts of organic chemistry that is essential to learn typical organic reactions further. In this part, students will learn what are meant by reactants and reactions, what types of reactions happen in organic compounds, factors that influencing a reaction, what are carbocations, carbanions, and radicals.
In second part, students are able to learn nucleophilic substitution reactions, factors affecting SN1 and SN2 reactions, elimination reaction, competition between Substitution and elimination.
Practical Aspects of Chemical Analysis: analysis of real samples, preparing samples for analysis, decomposing and dissolving the samples; Treatment of Analytical Data: significant figures, accuracy and precision, types of error in experimental data, statistical treatment of data; Gravimetric Analysis: general principles of gravimetric analysis, stoichiometry of gravimetric reaction, formation and properties of precipitates, drying and ignition of precipitates, organic precipitants, solubility equilibrium; Precipitation Titrations: requirements for precipitation titrations, titration curve for precipitation titrations, end points for Argentometric titrations, applications of standard silver nitrate solutions.
Fundamental Concepts: bioelements, important functional groups in biomolecules, the specific interactions of biomolecules depend on noncovalent bonds, properties of water; Biomolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, nucleic acids; Enzymes: characteristics, nomenclature and classification, mechanism and types of enzyme action, enzyme catalysts activity, factors that affect enzyme activity, enzyme kinetic, enzyme units, enzyme inhibitor, enzyme parts list; Metabolism: what is cell, introduction to metabolism, intermediary metabolism, glycolysis, citric acid cycle; Molecular Genetics: Waston-Crick double helix, biosynthesis of DNA (replication), biosynthesis of RNA (transcription), biosynthesis of protein (translation), and mutation.
Nonaqueous Solvents Systems: classification of solvents, general properties of ionising solvents, liquid ammonia as solvent, liquid sulphur dioxide as solvent, liquid hydrogen fluoride, liquid hydrogen cyanide, acetic acid, and other non-aqueous solvents.
Theories of the Coordinate Bond in Metal Complexes: valence bond theory, crystal field theory, ligand field theory, molecular orbital theory, and stability of complex ions.
Stereochemistry: stereoisomers, conformational and configurational isomers, prediction of enantiomerism, naming enantiomers by using R, S system of nomenclature, optical activity, specification of configuration for more than one chiral centre, diastereomers, meso compounds, separation of enantiomers, and resolution of a racemic modification.
Amino acids, Peptides, Proteins and Nucleic Acids: structures of amino acids, dipolar structure of amino acids, isoelectric point, separation of amino acids, synthesis of a-amino acids, reactions of amino acids, resolution of racemic mixtures of amino acids, peptides, determination of peptide structure, synthesis of peptides, classification of proteins, protein structures, determination the primary structure of a protein, denaturation of protein, nucleic acids, the structure of DNA and RNA, and hydrolysis of nucleic acid.
Acid Base Equilibria and Titration: fundamental concept of acidity and basicity, equilibrium calculations for solutions of acids and bases, acid-base titration, and titration curves; Equilibria in Oxidation Reduction Systems: oxidation-reduction equilibria, half-reactions, fundamentals of electrochemistry, schematic representation of electrochemical cells, electrode potential or relative half-cell potential, effect of concentration on electrode potentials; Potentiometric Methods: electrode systems, inert electrodes, measurement of cell emf, the potentiometer, potentiometric titrations, reference electrode, indicator electrodes and salt bridge and liquid junction potentials
In second semester students are able to learn and get experience in separation techniques of organic compounds such as solvent extraction methods and chromatographic separation techniques.
Stability of Isotopes: nuclear structure and stability, radioactivity and nuclear decay, discovery of isotopes, nuclear reaction, nuclear models, analysis of radioactive environmental sample, and health and safety aspects; Symmetry and Point Groups: symmetry operations and symmetry elements, inverse operations, groups and their basic properties, point groups, systematic classification of molecules into point groups, and matrices; Toxicological Effects of Mercury and Arsenic Compounds: sources, physical and chemical properties, compounds of mercury and arsenic, health effects, risk assessment, preventive and remedial measures.
In second semester, Fundamental Aspects of Solid State Chemistry: experimental evidence on structure, structure and properties, and structure and properties of transition metal oxides; and Group Theory and its Applications: representation of groups, reducible and irreducible representation, some important reducible representation, group theory and vibrational spectroscopy, some further aspects of vibrational spectroscopy, some applications of group theory in bonding would be learnt.
In second semester student will learn Quantum Chemistry that reveals (i) Atoms: Electronic Structure and Spectra describing on the lowest energy level of the helium atom, spin and antisymmetric wave functions, electronic configurations of atoms and the periodic table, interpretation of atomic spectra; and (ii) Diatomic Molecule: Bonding and Electronic Spectra Ionic Interactions that describes separation of nuclear and electronic motion, the hydrogen molecular ion, homonuclear and heteronuclear diatomic molecules and electronic spectroscopy. In addition, students will learn Material Science that reveals (i) The Geometry of Nanoscale Carbon and Fullerenes depicting bonding, dimensionality, topology, curvature, energetics, kinetics, other rings, holes, families of fullerenes: from C60 to TNTs, reactivity, potential applications and (ii) Characterization and Properties of Nanomaterials presenting introduction, structural characterization, chemical characterization, physical properties of nanomaterials, electrical conductivity, ferroelectrics and dielectrics, superparamagnetism.
Chem 5209 composed of three main parts, namely, Synthesis of Organic Compounds, Chromatographic Separation Techniques, and Organometallic Compounds. The first part includes multistep organic synthesis, functional group introduction, removal and interconversion, and retrosynthetic analysis (disconnections). The second part, students can learn partition chromatography, thin layer and paper chromatography, adsorption chromatography and column chromatography. The final part of this module concerns with Organometallic Compounds that describes nomenclature, carbon-metal bonds, preparation of organolithium compound, preparation of magnesium compound, Grignard reagent, synthesis of alcohol using Grignard or Organolithium reagents, synthesis of acetylenic alcohols, retrosynthetic analysis, preparation of tertiary alcohol from esters and Grignard reagents, alkane synthesis using organocopper reagents, an organozinc reagent for cyclopropane synthesis, carbenes and carbenoids, and transition metal organometallic compound.
Later module composed of three parts, namely, Optical Methods, Continuous Automatic Instrumentation for Process Application, and ORD and CD. The details descriptions of these courses are as follow. Optical Methods (Emission, Absorption, Fluorescence): fundamentals of spectrophotometry, spectroscopic instruments and analysis; Continuous Automatic Instrumentation for Process Application: autoanalyzer, process analyzer; and Optical Rotatory Dispersion and Circular Dichroism: property of light wave, optical rotation, ORD, CD, relationship of ORD and CD, the physical basis of optical rotation and CD, Usefulness of CD.
In second semester, students will learn Methods of Production of Isotopes and Nuclear Energy concerning with production of radioisotopes, production of neutron-excess radioisotopes, production of neutron- deficient radioisotopes, generator produced radioisotopes, activation analysis, radio isotopic purity, natural production of radioisotopes, basic principles of chain-reacting system, reactors and their uses, reactor- associated problems, and controlled-thermonuclear reactions.
These modules concern with inorganic chemistry and nuclear chemistry including a wide range of topics in transition elements and the electronic structures of their compounds; inorganic reaction mechanisms of complexes; homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic reactions of organometallic compounds; bioinorganic chemistry, solid state chemistry, advanced nuclear chemistry and selected topics.